Friday, 30 November 2012

JUNGLE BOOK – All Episodes


The Jungle Book is one of the works for which Rudyard Kipling is best remembered. The Jungle Book falls in line with works like Flatland and Alice in Wonderland. Likewise, the stories in The Jungle Book are written to be enjoyed by adults as well as children--with that depth of meaning and symbolism that delves far beyond the surface. 

Relationships and events related in The Jungle Book are important to any human being, including adult men and women, with or without families. While the tales can be read, or children may listen to them from an older reader, these stories need to be re-read later, in high school, and again in later adult life. They are enjoyable in every subsequent reading and the longer one lives, the broader is the frame of reference one has against which to draw the stories into perspective. 

The Kipling stories offer a marked perspective of a reminder of human origins and history as well as animal. As the Native American and other Indigenous Peoples often state: All are related under one sky. A reading of The Jungle Book at age 90 will reach several more levels of meaning than a childhood reading and both are just as brilliant an experience. The stories can be shared inter-generationally, with interpretations shared by all. The book is a group of stories that are actually quite good for “Grandparents in the School” types of family literacy programs of the current day. 


Mowgli, a young orphan boy, is found in a basket in the deep jungles of Madhya Pradesh, India. Bagheera, a black panther who discovers the baby, promptly takes him to a mother Indian Wolf who has just had cubs. She raises him along with her own cubs and Mowgli soon becomes well acquainted with jungle life. Mowgli is shown ten years later, playing with his wolf siblings. 

One night, when the wolf tribe learns that Shere Khan, a man-eating Bengal tiger, has returned to the jungle, they realize that Mowgli must be taken to the "man village" for his own safety. Bagheera volunteers to escort him back. 

They leave that very night, but Mowgli is determined to stay in the jungle. He and Bagheera rest in a tree for the night, when Kaa, a hungry Indian Python, appears and hypnotizes Mowgli into a deep and peaceful sleep, traps him tightly in his coils and tries to devour him, but fails when Bagheera intervenes. The next morning, Mowgli tries to join the elephant patrol led by Colonel Hathi and his wife Winifred. Bagheera finds Mowgli and they argue which results in Bagheera leaving Mowgli on his own. Mowgli soon meets up with the laid-back, fun-loving sloth bear Baloo, who shows Mowgli the fun of having a care-free life and promises to raise Mowgli himself and never take him back to the Man-Village. 

Mowgli now wants to stay in the jungle more than ever. Shortly afterwards, Baloo is tricked and outsmarted by a gang of monkeys who kidnap Mowgli and take him to their leader, King Louie the orangutan, who makes a deal with Mowgli that if he tells him the secret of making fire like a human, then he will make it so he can stay in the jungle. However, since he was not raised by humans, Mowgli does not know how to make fire. Bagheera and Baloo arrive to rescue Mowgli and in the ensuing chaos, King Louie's palace is demolished to rubble. Bagheera speaks to Baloo that night and convinces him that the jungle will never be safe for Mowgli so long as Shere Khan is there. In the morning, Baloo reluctantly explains to Mowgli that the man village is best for the boy, but Mowgli accuses him of breaking his promise and runs away. As Baloo sets off on foot in search of Mowgli, Bagheera rallies the help of Hathi and his patrol to make a search party. However, Shere Khan himself, who was eavesdropping on Bagheera and Hathi's conversation, is now determined to hunt and kill Mowgli himself. Meanwhile, Mowgli has encountered Kaa once again in a different tree and the hungry python exacts his revenge by hypnotizing Mowgli again, and tries to eat him, but thanks to the unwitting intervention of the suspicious Sher Khan, Mowgli awakens again, tricks the snake again, and escapes. 

As a storm gathers, a depressed Mowgli encounters a group of puckish but friendly vultures who closely resemble The Beatles, and they agree to be his friends as they too are outcasts, and feel that everyone has to have friends. Sher Khan appears shortly after, scaring off the Vultures and confronting Mowgli. Baloo rushes to the rescue and tries to keep Sher Khan away from Mowgli, but is injured. When lightning strikes a nearby tree and sets it ablaze, the vultures swoop in to distract Sher Khan while Mowgli gathers flaming branches and ties them to Sher Khan's tail. As fire is his only fear, the tiger panics and runs off. 

Bagheera and Baloo take Mowgli to the edge of the Man-Village, but Mowgli is still hesitant to go there. His mind soon changes when he is smitten by a beautiful young girl from the village who is coming down by the riverside to fetch water. After noticing Mowgli, she "accidentally" drops her water pot, and Mowgli retrieves it for her and follows her into the man village. After Mowgli chooses to stay in the man village, Baloo and Bagheera decide to head home, content that Mowgli is safe and happy with his own kind. 

Thursday, 29 November 2012

Vikram Aur Betaal (1988) – All Episodes


Vikram Aur Betaal was a children's television programme aired on DD National. The series contained stories from Indian mythology that aim at teaching kids lessons of life while entertaining them. The concept of the program was based on Baital Pachchisi, a collection of tales about the semi-legendary King Vikram (identified as Vikramaditya) and the Betaal, a huge vampire-like being.

'Vikram Aur Betaal' is based on 'Betaal Pachisi', written nearly 2,500 years ago by Mahakavi Somdev Bhatt. These are spellbinding stories told to the wise King Vikramaditya by the wily ghost Betaal.

Vikramaditya was a great king who ruled over a prosperous kingdom from his capital at Ujjain. He had immense love for learning as well as for adventure. He was brave, fearless and with a strong will. Every day, many visitors used to visit the king and gift him something. The King used to accept all the gifts with the same courtesy. Among such visitors was a mendicant who presented the King with a fruit on every visit. King Vikramaditya used to hand over the fruit to the royal storekeeper. One day while handling the fruit broke and pop came out a handy ball of ruby. The King was surprised. He ordered to check all the fruits, and from all fruits a fine ruby. The King decided to meet the mendicant.

However, the mendicant had set a condition that the King must meet him under a Banyan tree in the center of the cremation ground beyond the city, at night, on the 14th day of the dark half of the month. The King met him as decided. The King asked mendicant why he was doing this. The mendicant tells that there is a task that only a King like Vikrmaditya can perform. King Vikramaditya had to visit the northern-most corner of this ground where he would find a very ancient tree. There would be a corpse hanging from one of its branches. He would have to fetch it for the mendicant, as the mendicant was seeking certain occult powers which he would get only if a king brought this particular corpse to him and if he would practice certain rites sitting on it. According to the legend the King Vikramaditya, in order to fulfill a vow, was required to remove a corpse of betaal from a treetop and carry it on his shoulder to another place in silence. En route, the spirit of Betaal (in the corpse) used to narrate a story to the king and after completing the story Betaal would pose a query that if he (The king) knew the answer, was bound to respond lest he will break his head into thousand pieces. But if he does speak out, he would break the vow of silence and Betaal would fly back to the treetop, leaving the king inches short of his destination! The king would go after the vampire and start all over again. And so on and on.

As the name Baital Pachchisi suggests, the Betaal told the King 25 stories. (Pachchisi is derived from word Pachis in, Hindi which means twenty five.) However, looking at the determination of the king Vikramaditya, Betaal finally disclosed the true motive of the mendicant. The mendicant's plan was to practice certain rites sitting on Betaal but he would kill the King also to get all powers of the world and rule the world. This created suspicion in Vikramaditya's mind. However, he still went to the mendicant, but he was prepared for surprise. Betaal proved to be right and the mendicant tried to kill Vikramaditya. However, Vikramaditya outwitted the mendicant and killed him.

Arun Govil - as King Vikramaditya.
Sajjan Kumar - as Betaal.
Arvind Trivedi - as the mendicant.
Deepika Chikhalia - in many roles in different stories.
Vijay Arora - in many roles in different stories.

9. EPISODE 5 (Part-1) - The Story of Padmavati and Prince Vajramukut.

10. EPISODE 5 (Part-2) - The Story of Padmavati and Prince Vajramukut.

11. EPISODE 6 (Part-1) - Rich girl accepts thief as husband.

12. EPISODE 6 (Part-2) - Rich girl accepts thief as husband.

13. EPISODE 7 (Part-1) - The story of King Chandrasen and his servant Satvasheel.

14. EPISODE 7 (Part-2) - The story of King Chandrasen and his servant Satvasheel.

15. EPISODE 8 (Part-1) - Three sensitive brothers.

16. EPISODE 8 (Part-2) - Three sensitive brothers.

17. EPISODE 9 (Part-1) - The husband, the thief and the lover.

18. EPISODE 9 (Part-2) - The husband, the thief and the lover.

19. EPISODE 10 (Part-1) - The Prince and the three sensitive sisters.

20. EPISODE 10 (Part-2) - The Prince and the three sensitive sisters.

21. EPISODE 11 (Part-1) - Whom will the Princess marry?

22. EPISODE 11 (Part-2) - Whom will the Princess marry?

23. EPISODE 12 (Part-1) - Who is the real Father?

24. EPISODE 12 (Part-2) - Who is the real Father?

25. EPISODE 13 (Part-1) - The giant and the brave boy.

26. EPISODE 13 (Part-2) - The giant and the brave boy.

27. EPISODE 14 (Part-1) - Love is eternal.

28. EPISODE 14 (Part-2) - Love is eternal.

29. EPISODE 15 (Part-1) - The lover of Princess Chandraprabha.

30. EPISODE 15 (Part-2) - The lover of Princess Chandraprabha.

31. EPISODE 16 (Part-1) - The dilemma of Mahamantri and King Vallabh.

32. EPISODE 16 (Part-2) - The dilemma of Mahamantri and King Vallabh.

33. EPISODE 17 (Part-1) - Unsuccessful penance of Gunkar.

34. EPISODE 17 (Part-2) - Unsuccessful penance of Gunkar.

35. EPISODE 18 (Part-1) - The story of Rajkumar and the Bird.

36. EPISODE 18 (Part-2) - The story of Rajkumar and the Bird.

37. EPISODE 19 (Part-1) - The gambling temptation of Gopu.

38. EPISODE 19 (Part-2) - The gambling temptation of Gopu.

39. EPISODE 20 (Part-1) - The realization of Prince Anandsen.

40. EPISODE 20 (Part-2) - The realization of Prince Anandsen.

41. EPISODE 21 (Part-1) - The story of legendary love of Sukesh and legendary duty of King Dharamveer.

42. EPISODE 21 (Part-2) - The story of legendary love of Sukesh and legendary duty of King Dharamveer.

43. EPISODE 22 (Part-1) - The love story of four princes.

44. EPISODE 22 (Part-2) - The love story of four princes.

45. EPISODE 23 (Part-1) - The justice of King Satyadev.

46. EPISODE 23 (Part-2) - The justice of King Satyadev.

47. EPISODE 24 (Part-1) - The dreams of Dagdoo.

48. EPISODE 24 (Part-2) - The dreams of Dagdoo.

49. EPISODE 25 (Part-1) - The story of greedy Apurva.

50. EPISODE 25 (Part-2) - The story of greedy Apurva.

51. EPISODE 26 (Part-1) - The revenge of Nagin.

52. EPISODE 26 (Part-2) - The revenge of Nagin.

Wednesday, 28 November 2012

Malgudi Days (1987) – All 39 Episodes

Malgudi Days (1987) – All 39 Episodes


Master Manjunath … Swami
Director: Shankar Nag

Malgudi Days is a collection of short stories by R.K.Narayan that focused on the trial and tribulations of a small Indian town of Malgudi. According to R.K. Narayan, Malgudi is a town “habited by timeless characters who could be living anywhere in the world” and is located on the banks of river Sarayu and surrounded by the Mempi Hills. As an attempt to popularize television, the Government of India undertook several steps to popularize the already powerful medium.
The 1970s and 1980s saw a boom in television programming as the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting invited independent producers and directors to shoot television serials on a regular basis; Malgudi Days was one such television serial. The serial was directed by the late Kannada actor and director, Shankar Nag, and was shot entirely near Agumbe in Shimoga District, Karnataka.

The music was rendered by L. Vaidyanathan and was produced by T.S. Narasimhan of the Padam Rag Films. It included many of Narayan’s short stories and novels such as Swami and Friends and The Vendor of Sweets.

Vendor of Sweets narrated the story of a sweet vendor, Jagan, his business and confrontation with his son who had returned from abroad. The title role was played by Kannada actor, Anant Nag, and its plot is non-existent in the book.

Swami and Friends revolves around ten-year old Swaminathan, or Swami as he is known by other characters. Swami portrays the growing pangs of a boy who despises school, as he makes excuses and roams around Malgudi with his friends. Swami’s father works in a government office and his mother is a housewife. At home, Swami shares his adventures with his aged granny, who lovingly addresses him as “Chamy.” Swami also has two close friends; Mani and the son of the Police Chief Superintendent, Rajam. Swami’s character was enacted by Manjunath, a regular feature in many of Shankar Nag directed movies.

The sketches for the serial were done by Narayan’s brother and acclaimed cartoonist, R.K. Laxman. Thirty-nine episodes of “Malgudi Days” were telecast on Doordarshan. Subsequently, it was re-telecast on Doordarshan and later on Sony Entertainment Television.

Episode 2 - Horse
Episode 3 - The Missing Mail
Episode 4 - The Hoard
Episode 5 - Cat Within
Episode 6 - Leela's Friend
Episode 7 - Mandir Ka Boodha
Episode 8 - The Watchman
Episode 9 - A Willing Slave
Episode 10 - Roman Image
Episode 11 - Sweets For Angels
Episode 12 - Seventh House
Episode 13 - Nitya
Episode 14 - Engine Trouble
Episode 15 - Ishwaran
Episode 16 - Gateman's Gift
Episode 17 - The Edge
Episode 18 - 45 A Month
Episode 19 - Swamy And Friends - I
Episode 20 - Swamy And Friends - II
Episode 21 - Swamy And Friends - III
Episode 22 - Swamy And Friends - IV
Episode 23 - Swamy And Friends - V
Episode 24 - Swamy And Friends - VI
Episode 25 - Swamy And Friends - VII
Episode 26 - Swamy And Friends - VIII
Episode 27 - Performing Child
Episode 28 - Career
Episode 29 - The Green Blazer
Episode 30 - Naga - I
Episode 31 - Naga - II
Episode 32 - Mithaiwaala - I
Episode 33 - Mithaiwaala - II
Episode 34 - Mithaiwaala - III
Episode 35 - Mithaiwaala - IV
Episode 36 - Mithaiwaala - V
Episode 37 - Mithaiwaala - VI
Episode 38 - Mithaiwaala - VII
Episode 39 - Mithaiwaala - VIII